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What is Autism?

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) refers to a group of developmental disabilities that are typically associated with challenges in communication, social interaction, and repetitive/restrictive behaviors. Individuals with ASD typically have difficulty understanding verbal and nonverbal communication and learning appropriate ways of relating to other people, objects, and events. No two people with ASD are the same. As its name implies, ASD is a spectrum disorder that affects individuals differently and with varying degrees of severity. Additionally, ASD is often found in combination with other disabilities. ASD is found throughout all races, nationalities and social classes and it affects approximately one in every 68 births. According to a prevalence study by the CDC, 1 in 59 8-year-old school children may be diagnosed with autism.